Irregular Verbs

A sortable list of irregular verbs

If you are a student of English as a second language you may find that irregular verbs can be a stumbling block. Here is a complete table of English irregular verbs for your reference.

You can sort this table by the Base Form, CEFR, and Frequency by clicking on those headings in the table. The CEFR levels range from A1 9the lowest level to C2 (the highest level). Be aware that verbs can have many different meanings so the CEFR ranking given here is for the most common usage (the lowest level). Frequency means how often these words appear in text. This is based on the British National Corpus. 1 means the word appears in the most frequent 1000 words in English, 2 in the second most frequent 1000 words, and so on.

Base form Past Past participle CEFR Frequency
be was/were been A1 1
begin began begun A1 1
buy bought bought A1 1
catch caught caught A1 1
choose chose chosen A1 1
come came come A1 1
do did done A1 1
draw drew drawn A1 1
drink drank drunk A1 1
drive drove driven A1 1
eat ate eaten A1 1
find found found A1 1
fly flew flown A1 1
forget forgot forgotten A1 1
get got got; (US) gotten A1 1
give gave given A1 1
go went gone A1 1
have had had A1 1
hear heard heard A1 1
know knew known A1 1
learn learnt, learned learnt, learned A1 1
leave left left A1 1
make made made A1 1
meet met met A1 1
pay paid paid A1 1
put put put A1 1
read read read A1 1
ride rode ridden A1 1
run ran run A1 1
saw sawed sawn, sawed A1 1
say said said A1 1
see saw seen A1 1
send sent sent A1 1
shoe shod shod A1 1
show showed shown, showed A1 1
sing sang sung A1 1
sit sat sat A1 1
sleep slept slept A1 1
speak spoke spoken A1 1
swim swam swum A1 1
take took taken A1 1
teach taught taught A1 1
think thought thought A1 1
understand understood understood A1 1
wake woke, waked woken, waked A1 1
wear wore worn A1 1
wind wound wound A1 1
work worked, wrought worked, wrought A1 1
write wrote written A1 1
bear bore born A2 1
become became become A2 1
break broke broken A2 1
bring brought brought A2 1
build built built A2 1
cost cost cost A2 1
cut cut cut A2 1
dream dreamt, dreamed dreamt, dreamed A2 1
fall fell fallen A2 1
grow grew grown A2 1
hit hit hit A2 1
hold held held A2 1
hurt hurt hurt A2 1
keep kept kept A2 1
let let let A2 1
lie lay lain A2 1
lose lost lost A2 1
mean meant meant A2 1
mistake mistook mistaken A2 1
ring rang rung A2 1
sell sold sold A2 1
set set set A2 1
shut shut shut A2 1
spend spent spent A2 1
spring sprang sprung A2 1
stand stood stood A2 1
steal stole stolen A2 1
throw threw thrown A2 1
win won won A2 1
beat beat beaten B1 1
blow blew blown B1 1
burn burnt, burned burnt, burned B1 1
dig dug dug B1 1
feed fed fed B1 1
fight fought fought B1 1
freeze froze frozen B1 1
hang hung, hanged hung, hanged B1 1
hide hid hidden B1 1
lay laid laid B1 1
lead led led B1 1
light lit, lighted lit, lighted B1 1
rebuild rebuilt rebuilt B1 1
rid rid, ridded rid, ridded B1 1
rise rose risen B1 1
shake shook shaken B1 1
shoot shot shot B1 1
smell smelt, smelled smelt, smelled B1 1
stick stuck stuck B1 1
strike struck struck, stricken B1 1
tear tore torn B1 1
deal dealt dealt B2 1
misunderstand misunderstood misunderstood B2 1
rewrite rewrote rewritten B2 1
undo undid undone B2 1
bet bet, betted bet, betted C1 1
mislead misled misled C1 1
clothe clothed, clad clothed, clad 1
feel felt felt A1 1
redo redid redone 1
remake remade remade 1
rerun reran rerun 1
retell retold retold 1
tell told told A1 1
lend lent lent A2 2
sink sank sunk, sunken A2 2
spell spelt, spelled spelt, spelled A2 2
upset upset upset A2 2
awake awoke awoken B1 2
bite bit bitten B1 2
bleed bled bled B1 2
dive dived; (US) dove dived B1 2
forgive forgave forgiven B1 2
knit knitted, knit knitted, knit B1 2
prove proved proved, proven B1 2
quit quitted, quit quitted, quit B1 2
sew sewed sewn, sowed B1 2
shave shaved shaved, shaven B1 2
shine shone shone B1 2
speed sped, speeded sped, speeded B1 2
spoil spoilt, spoiled spoilt, spoiled B1 2
bend bent bent B2 2
breed bred bred B2 2
burst burst burst B2 2
cast cast cast B2 2
dare dared, durst dared B2 2
lean leant, leaned leant, leaned B2 2
melt melted melted, molten B2 2
shed shed shed B2 2
slide slid slid B2 2
split split split B2 2
string strung strung B2 2
swear swore sworn B2 2
sweep swept swept B2 2
swing swung swung B2 2
spin spun, span spun C1 2
bind bound bound C2 2
leap leapt, leaped leapt, leaped C2 2
bless blessed, blest blessed, blest 2
creep crept crept C2 2
misspell misspelt misspelt 2
seek sought sought B2 2
spread spread spread C2 2
unbend unbent unbent 2
unbind unbound unbound 2
forecast forecast, forecasted forecast, forecasted B1 3
spill spilt, spilled spilt, spilled B1 3
broadcast broadcast, broadcasted broadcast, broadcasted B2 3
overcome overcame overcome B2 3
arise arose arisen C1 3
bid bade, bid bidden C1 3
flee fled fled C1 3
swell swelled swollen, swelled C1 3
undergo underwent undergone C1 3
undertake undertook undertaken C1 3
withdraw withdrew withdrawn C1 3
blend blended, blent blended, blent C2 3
weave wove woven 3
forbid forbade, forbad forbidden B2 4
kneel knelt knelt B2 4
repay repaid repaid B2 4
shrink shrank, shrunk shrunk, shrunken B2 4
foresee foresaw foreseen C1 4
sting stung stung C1 4
thrive throve, thrived thriven, thrived C1 4
cling clung clung C2 4
spit spat spat C2 4
dwell dwelt dwelt 4
fling flung flung 4
grind ground ground 4
oversee oversaw overseen 4
stride strode stridden 4
thrust thrust thrust 4
weep wept wept 4
sow sowed sown, sowed C1 5
strive strove striven C2 5
tread trod trodden, trod C2 5
cleave clove, cleft cloven, cleft 5
heave heaved, hove heaved, hove 5
override overrode overridden 5
overthrow overthrew overthrown 5
relay relaid relaid 5
stink stank, stunk stunk 5
withhold withheld withheld 5
overtake overtook overtaken B2 6
overhear overheard overheard C2 6
withstand withstood withstood C2 6
abide abode, abided abode, abided 6
behold beheld beheld 6
crow crowed, crew crowed 6
mow mowed mown; (US) mowed 6
shear sheared sheared, shorn 6
slay slew slain 6
sling slung slung 6
slit slit slit 6
bereave bereaved, bereft bereaved. bereft 7
gild gilded, gilt gilded, gilt 7
overhang overhung overhung 7
overlay overlaid overlaid 7
overrun overran overrun 7
strew strewed strewn, strewed 7
wring wrung wrung 7
overdo overdid overdone C1 8
beset beset beset 8
hamstring hamstrung hamstrung 8
reset reset reset 8
stave staved, stove staved, stove 8
befall befell befallen 9
chide chided, chid chided, chidden 9
forsake forsook forsaken 9
inlay inlaid inlaid 9
outgrow outgrew outgrown 9
partake partook partaken 9
slink slunk slunk 9
beget begot begotten 10
outdo outdid outdone 10
overcast overcast overcast 10
recast recast recast 10
smite smote smitten 10
foretell foretold foretold 11
outrun outran outrun 11
overbear overbore overborne 11
overlie overlay overlain 11
beseech besought besought 12
forbear forbore forborne 12
outshine outshone outshone 12
overshoot overshot overshot 12
rive rived riven, rived 12
gird girded, girt girded, girt 13
hew hewed hewed, hewn 13
waylay waylaid waylaid 13
outbid outbid outbid 14
rend rent rent 14
forswear forswore forsworn 15
mislay mislaid mislaid 15
gainsay gainsaid gainsaid 16
betake betook betaken 21
shrive shrove, shrived shriven, shrived 21
bethink bethought bethought Rare
foreknow foreknew foreknown Rare
lade laded laden Rare
miscast miscast miscast Rare
misdeal misdealt misdealt Rare
misgive misgave misgiven Rare
misspend misspent misspent Rare
outgo outwent outdone Rare
outride outrode outridden Rare
overleap overleapt, overleaped overleapt, overleaped Rare
oversleep overslept overslept Rare
rebind rebound rebound Rare
underbid underbid underbid Rare