A sortable list of irregular verbs

You can sort this table by the Base Form, CEFR, and Frequency by clicking on those headings in the table. The CEFR levels range from A1 9the lowest level to C2 (the highest level). Be aware that verbs can have many different meanings so the CEFR ranking given here is for the most common usage (the lowest level). Frequency means how often these words appear in text. This is based on the British National Corpus. 1 means the word appears in the most frequent 1000 words in English, 2 in the second most frequent 1000 words, and so on.

Base form | Past | Past participle | CEFR | Frequency | ||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

be | was/were | been | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

begin | began | begun | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

buy | bought | bought | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

catch | caught | caught | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

choose | chose | chosen | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

come | came | come | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

do | did | done | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

draw | drew | drawn | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

drink | drank | drunk | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

drive | drove | driven | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

eat | ate | eaten | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

find | found | found | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

fly | flew | flown | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

forget | forgot | forgotten | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

get | got | got; (US) gotten | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

give | gave | given | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

go | went | gone | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

have | had | had | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

hear | heard | heard | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

know | knew | known | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

learn | learnt, learned | learnt, learned | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

leave | left | left | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

make | made | made | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

meet | met | met | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

pay | paid | paid | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

put | put | put | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

read | read | read | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

ride | rode | ridden | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

run | ran | run | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

saw | sawed | sawn, sawed | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

say | said | said | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

see | saw | seen | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

send | sent | sent | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

shoe | shod | shod | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

show | showed | shown, showed | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

sing | sang | sung | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

sit | sat | sat | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

sleep | slept | slept | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

speak | spoke | spoken | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

swim | swam | swum | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

take | took | taken | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

teach | taught | taught | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

think | thought | thought | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

understand | understood | understood | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

wake | woke, waked | woken, waked | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

wear | wore | worn | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

wind | wound | wound | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

work | worked, wrought | worked, wrought | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

write | wrote | written | A1 | 0 | 1 | A |

bear | bore | born | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

become | became | become | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

break | broke | broken | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

bring | brought | brought | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

build | built | built | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

cost | cost | cost | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

cut | cut | cut | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

dream | dreamt, dreamed | dreamt, dreamed | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

fall | fell | fallen | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

grow | grew | grown | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

hit | hit | hit | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

hold | held | held | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

hurt | hurt | hurt | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

keep | kept | kept | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

let | let | let | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

lie | lay | lain | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

lose | lost | lost | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

mean | meant | meant | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

mistake | mistook | mistaken | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

ring | rang | rung | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

sell | sold | sold | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

set | set | set | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

shut | shut | shut | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

spend | spent | spent | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

spring | sprang | sprung | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

stand | stood | stood | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

steal | stole | stolen | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

throw | threw | thrown | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

win | won | won | A2 | 1 | 1 | A |

beat | beat | beaten | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

blow | blew | blown | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

burn | burnt, burned | burnt, burned | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

dig | dug | dug | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

feed | fed | fed | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

fight | fought | fought | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

freeze | froze | frozen | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

hang | hung, hanged | hung, hanged | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

hide | hid | hidden | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

lay | laid | laid | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

lead | led | led | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

light | lit, lighted | lit, lighted | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

rebuild | rebuilt | rebuilt | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

rid | rid, ridded | rid, ridded | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

rise | rose | risen | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

shake | shook | shaken | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

shoot | shot | shot | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

smell | smelt, smelled | smelt, smelled | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

stick | stuck | stuck | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

strike | struck | struck, stricken | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

tear | tore | torn | B1 | 2 | 1 | A |

deal | dealt | dealt | B2 | 3 | 1 | A |

misunderstand | misunderstood | misunderstood | B2 | 3 | 1 | A |

rewrite | rewrote | rewritten | B2 | 3 | 1 | A |

undo | undid | undone | B2 | 3 | 1 | A |

bet | bet, betted | bet, betted | C1 | 4 | 1 | A |

mislead | misled | misled | C1 | 4 | 1 | A |

clothe | clothed, clad | clothed, clad | 6 | 1 | A | |

feel | felt | felt | A1 | 6 | 1 | A |

redo | redid | redone | 6 | 1 | A | |

remake | remade | remade | 6 | 1 | A | |

rerun | reran | rerun | 6 | 1 | A | |

retell | retold | retold | 6 | 1 | A | |

tell | told | told | A1 | 6 | 1 | A |

lend | lent | lent | A2 | 1 | 2 | B |

sink | sank | sunk, sunken | A2 | 1 | 2 | B |

spell | spelt, spelled | spelt, spelled | A2 | 1 | 2 | B |

upset | upset | upset | A2 | 1 | 2 | B |

awake | awoke | awoken | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

bite | bit | bitten | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

bleed | bled | bled | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

dive | dived; (US) dove | dived | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

forgive | forgave | forgiven | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

knit | knitted, knit | knitted, knit | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

prove | proved | proved, proven | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

quit | quitted, quit | quitted, quit | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

sew | sewed | sewn, sowed | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

shave | shaved | shaved, shaven | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

shine | shone | shone | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

speed | sped, speeded | sped, speeded | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

spoil | spoilt, spoiled | spoilt, spoiled | B1 | 2 | 2 | B |

bend | bent | bent | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

breed | bred | bred | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

burst | burst | burst | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

cast | cast | cast | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

dare | dared, durst | dared | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

lean | leant, leaned | leant, leaned | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

melt | melted | melted, molten | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

shed | shed | shed | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

slide | slid | slid | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

split | split | split | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

string | strung | strung | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

swear | swore | sworn | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

sweep | swept | swept | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

swing | swung | swung | B2 | 3 | 2 | B |

spin | spun, span | spun | C1 | 4 | 2 | B |

bind | bound | bound | C2 | 5 | 2 | B |

leap | leapt, leaped | leapt, leaped | C2 | 5 | 2 | B |

bless | blessed, blest | blessed, blest | 6 | 2 | B | |

creep | crept | crept | C2 | 6 | 2 | B |

misspell | misspelt | misspelt | 6 | 2 | B | |

seek | sought | sought | B2 | 6 | 2 | B |

spread | spread | spread | C2 | 6 | 2 | B |

unbend | unbent | unbent | 6 | 2 | B | |

unbind | unbound | unbound | 6 | 2 | B | |

forecast | forecast, forecasted | forecast, forecasted | B1 | 2 | 3 | C |

spill | spilt, spilled | spilt, spilled | B1 | 2 | 3 | C |

broadcast | broadcast, broadcasted | broadcast, broadcasted | B2 | 3 | 3 | C |

overcome | overcame | overcome | B2 | 3 | 3 | C |

arise | arose | arisen | C1 | 4 | 3 | C |

bid | bade, bid | bidden | C1 | 4 | 3 | C |

flee | fled | fled | C1 | 4 | 3 | C |

swell | swelled | swollen, swelled | C1 | 4 | 3 | C |

undergo | underwent | undergone | C1 | 4 | 3 | C |

undertake | undertook | undertaken | C1 | 4 | 3 | C |

withdraw | withdrew | withdrawn | C1 | 4 | 3 | C |

blend | blended, blent | blended, blent | C2 | 5 | 3 | C |

weave | wove | woven | 6 | 3 | C | |

forbid | forbade, forbad | forbidden | B2 | 3 | 4 | D |

kneel | knelt | knelt | B2 | 3 | 4 | D |

repay | repaid | repaid | B2 | 3 | 4 | D |

shrink | shrank, shrunk | shrunk, shrunken | B2 | 3 | 4 | D |

foresee | foresaw | foreseen | C1 | 4 | 4 | D |

sting | stung | stung | C1 | 4 | 4 | D |

thrive | throve, thrived | thriven, thrived | C1 | 4 | 4 | D |

cling | clung | clung | C2 | 5 | 4 | D |

spit | spat | spat | C2 | 5 | 4 | D |

dwell | dwelt | dwelt | 6 | 4 | D | |

fling | flung | flung | 6 | 4 | D | |

grind | ground | ground | 6 | 4 | D | |

oversee | oversaw | overseen | 6 | 4 | D | |

stride | strode | stridden | 6 | 4 | D | |

thrust | thrust | thrust | 6 | 4 | D | |

weep | wept | wept | 6 | 4 | D | |

sow | sowed | sown, sowed | C1 | 4 | 5 | E |

strive | strove | striven | C2 | 5 | 5 | E |

tread | trod | trodden, trod | C2 | 5 | 5 | E |

cleave | clove, cleft | cloven, cleft | 6 | 5 | E | |

heave | heaved, hove | heaved, hove | 6 | 5 | E | |

override | overrode | overridden | 6 | 5 | E | |

overthrow | overthrew | overthrown | 6 | 5 | E | |

relay | relaid | relaid | 6 | 5 | E | |

stink | stank, stunk | stunk | 6 | 5 | E | |

withhold | withheld | withheld | 6 | 5 | E | |

overtake | overtook | overtaken | B2 | 3 | 6 | F |

overhear | overheard | overheard | C2 | 5 | 6 | F |

withstand | withstood | withstood | C2 | 5 | 6 | F |

abide | abode, abided | abode, abided | 6 | 6 | F | |

behold | beheld | beheld | 6 | 6 | F | |

crow | crowed, crew | crowed | 6 | 6 | F | |

mow | mowed | mown; (US) mowed | 6 | 6 | F | |

shear | sheared | sheared, shorn | 6 | 6 | F | |

slay | slew | slain | 6 | 6 | F | |

sling | slung | slung | 6 | 6 | F | |

slit | slit | slit | 6 | 6 | F | |

bereave | bereaved, bereft | bereaved. bereft | 6 | 7 | G | |

gild | gilded, gilt | gilded, gilt | 6 | 7 | G | |

overhang | overhung | overhung | 6 | 7 | G | |

overlay | overlaid | overlaid | 6 | 7 | G | |

overrun | overran | overrun | 6 | 7 | G | |

strew | strewed | strewn, strewed | 6 | 7 | G | |

wring | wrung | wrung | 6 | 7 | G | |

overdo | overdid | overdone | C1 | 4 | 8 | H |

beset | beset | beset | 6 | 8 | H | |

hamstring | hamstrung | hamstrung | 6 | 8 | H | |

reset | reset | reset | 6 | 8 | H | |

stave | staved, stove | staved, stove | 6 | 8 | H | |

befall | befell | befallen | 6 | 9 | I | |

chide | chided, chid | chided, chidden | 6 | 9 | I | |

forsake | forsook | forsaken | 6 | 9 | I | |

inlay | inlaid | inlaid | 6 | 9 | I | |

outgrow | outgrew | outgrown | 6 | 9 | I | |

partake | partook | partaken | 6 | 9 | I | |

slink | slunk | slunk | 6 | 9 | I | |

beget | begot | begotten | 6 | 10 | J | |

outdo | outdid | outdone | 6 | 10 | J | |

overcast | overcast | overcast | 6 | 10 | J | |

recast | recast | recast | 6 | 10 | J | |

smite | smote | smitten | 6 | 10 | J | |

foretell | foretold | foretold | 6 | 11 | K | |

outrun | outran | outrun | 6 | 11 | K | |

overbear | overbore | overborne | 6 | 11 | K | |

overlie | overlay | overlain | 6 | 11 | K | |

beseech | besought | besought | 6 | 12 | L | |

forbear | forbore | forborne | 6 | 12 | L | |

outshine | outshone | outshone | 6 | 12 | L | |

overshoot | overshot | overshot | 6 | 12 | L | |

rive | rived | riven, rived | 6 | 12 | L | |

gird | girded, girt | girded, girt | 6 | 13 | M | |

hew | hewed | hewed, hewn | 6 | 13 | M | |

waylay | waylaid | waylaid | 6 | 13 | M | |

outbid | outbid | outbid | 6 | 14 | N | |

rend | rent | rent | 6 | 14 | N | |

forswear | forswore | forsworn | 6 | 15 | O | |

mislay | mislaid | mislaid | 6 | 15 | O | |

gainsay | gainsaid | gainsaid | 6 | 16 | P | |

betake | betook | betaken | 6 | 21 | Q | |

shrive | shrove, shrived | shriven, shrived | 6 | 21 | Q | |

bethink | bethought | bethought | 6 | Rare | R | |

foreknow | foreknew | foreknown | 6 | Rare | R | |

lade | laded | laden | 6 | Rare | R | |

miscast | miscast | miscast | 6 | Rare | R | |

misdeal | misdealt | misdealt | 6 | Rare | R | |

misgive | misgave | misgiven | 6 | Rare | R | |

misspend | misspent | misspent | 6 | Rare | R | |

outgo | outwent | outdone | 6 | Rare | R | |

outride | outrode | outridden | 6 | Rare | R | |

overleap | overleapt, overleaped | overleapt, overleaped | 6 | Rare | R | |

oversleep | overslept | overslept | 6 | Rare | R | |

rebind | rebound | rebound | 6 | Rare | R | |

underbid | underbid | underbid | 6 | Rare | R |